minimum wages by state

Arguments both for and against a minimum wage hike are supported by data that’s limited to individual case studies, given that the price floor would actually have to be raised before its effects could be studied on a widespread level. While it’s certainly possible that raising the minimum wage could have harmful consequences, the only thing that’s certain is that doing nothing isn’t isn’t making things better. On the larger state level, the minimum wage across the United States ranges from more than $13 to as low as $5.15, depending on the region. Some states have a youth minimum that is greater than the federal youth minimum wage.

Is minimum wage going up in 2020 in Illinois?

Pritzker signed legislation into law providing a path to a $15 minimum wage by 2025. Minimum wage earners received two increases in 2020, to $9.25 an hour on Jan. 1 followed by an increase to $10 an hour on July 1.

In short, you pay the higher amount when subject to both laws. If you want to pay someone in one of the above groups a lawful sub-minimum wage, your first step must be to obtain the appropriate certificate from the federal government.

Comparing U S. State Minimum Wages In 2010 And 2021

Starting in 2019, the minimum wage will undergo a series of scheduled increases until it reaches $11.00 in 2021. Live-in domestic employees must be paid the greater of the overtime differential (1.5 times NYS hourly minimum wage) or the regular hourly wage for hours worked over 44 in a week. The FLSA affords a private right of action for employees to recover unpaid minimum wages.

minimum wages by state

Eight states automatically increased their rates based on the cost of living, while 10 states increased their rates due to previously approved legislation or ballot initiatives. Other states that will see rate increases during the 2019 calendar year include D.C., Delaware, Michigan and Oregon.

This paper estimates the pass-through of minimum wage increases into the prices of US grocery and drug stores. We use high-frequency scanner data and leverage a large number of state-level increases in minimum wages between 2001 and 2012.

State Minimum Wages

This is a list of the minimum wages in each state and territory of the United States, for jobs covered by federal minimum wage laws. If the job is not subject to the federal Fair Labor Standards Act, then state, city, or other local laws may determine the minimum wage.

Continuing on from 2019 to 2023, the minimum wage will increase 85 cents per hour each year before reaching $12.00. In addition to the exemption for federally covered employment, the law exempts, among others, employees of a retail or service business with gross annual sales or business done of less than $500,000. From 2019 through 2030, the minimum wage will increase annually on a set schedule, provided the unemployment rate in the preceding year does not exceed 8.5%. The Maryland minimum wage equals the federal minimum wage when set below the federal rate. The state adopts the federal minimum wage rate by reference if the federal rate is greater than the State rate. The State adopts the federal minimum wage rate by reference if the federal rate is greater than the State rate.

minimum wages by state

The first federal minimum wage was created as part of the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933, signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, but declared unconstutional. In 1938 the Fair Labor Standards Act established it at $0.25 an hour ($4.54 in 2019 dollars). Its purchasing power peaked in 1968 at $1.60 ($11.76 minimum wages in 2019 dollars). Some state laws also address tip credits, and in many cases they mirror the federal law. Where they don’t, the rule is that if the federal minimum wage minus the federal tip credit is lower than your state’s minimum wage minus your state’s tip credit , you must pay your employees the higher amount.

Minimum Wage By State And 2021 Increases

passed ordinances that gradually increase the minimum wage to $15.00 per hour. In 2016 New York and California became the first states to pass legislation that would gradually raise the minimum wage to $15 per hour in each state, followed by Massachusetts in 2018. The federal minimum wage was introduced in 1938 at the rate of $0.25 per hour (equivalent to $4.54 in 2019). The purchasing power of the federal minimum wage has fluctuated; it was recording transactions highest in 1968, when it was $1.60 per hour (equivalent to $11.76 in 2019). The real value of the Federal minimum wage in 2016 dollars has decreased by one-third since 1968. The minimum wage would be $11 in 2016 if its real value had remained at the 1968 level; it has instead generally tracked the 1960 real minimum wage. From January 1981 to April 1990, the minimum wage was frozen at $3.35 per hour, then a record-setting minimum wage freeze.

Alternatively, you can file a lawsuit in court against your employer. Effective January 1, 2021, the minimum monthly salary for sheepherders increases to $2,488.97 per month for employers with 26 or more employees and $2,311.24 per month for employers with 25 or fewer employees. The minimum monthly salary for sheepherders is specially set under IWC Wage Order . Wages paid to sheepherders may not be offset by meals or lodging provided by the employer. Instead, there are provisions in IWC Order , Sections 10, and ) that apply to sheepherders with respect to monthly meal and lodging benefits required to be provided by the employer.

  • Data from the Economic Policy Institute indicates that 29 states and D.C.
  • Workers celebrating in Los Angeles in 2016 following the announcement of a bill that aimed to raise the state’s minimum wage to $15 an hour by 2022.
  • Economist David Cooper for instance estimates that a higher minimum wage would support the creation of at least 85,000 new jobs in the United States.
  • Includes links to federal laws and regulations, and web pages on a variety of minimum wage topics.
  • Each state’s determination of the minimum wage may reflect the politics of this issue, but other factors, such as the cost of living, could also be in play.

Less than half worked full-time, almost half were aged 16-25; and more than 60% worked in the leisure and hospitality industry, with many of those receiving tips in addition to their hourly wage. No significant differences existed between ethnic or racial groups, but women were about twice as likely to earn minimum wage or less. Of the 11 states that currently tie increases to the cost of living, eight did not increase their minimum wage rates for 2016. Colorado provided for an 8-cent increase and South Dakota granted a 5-cent increase per hour. Employers covered by the federal Fair Labor Standards Act are subject only to the federal minimum wage and all applicable regulations. Employers not covered by the FLSA will be subject to a minimum wage that is at least 70 percent of the federal minimum wage or the applicable mandatory decree rate, whichever is higher. The Secretary of Labor and Human Resources may authorize a rate based on a lower percentage for any employer who can show that implementation of the 70 percent rate would substantially curtail employment in that business.

Federal Budget Deficit

Check the Department of Labor website for the Wage and Hour Office nearest you. For more on minimum wage, see this University assets = liabilities + equity of Pennsylvania Law Review article, this Denver Law Review article, and this Harvard Law Review article.

What is the minimum wage from April 2020?

The National Minimum Wage RatesRate from 1 April 2020Rate from 1 April 2021Aged 25 and above (NLW)*£8.72£8.9121-22 Year Old Rate£8.20£8.3618-20 Year Old Rate£6.45£6.5616-17 Year Old Rate£4.55£4.622 more rows•Dec 1, 2020

7The Massachusetts minimum wage rate automatically increases to 10 cents above the rate set in the Fair Labor Standards Act if the Federal minimum wage equals or becomes higher than the State minimum. Increases subject to the federal minimum wage and consumer price index. Delaware enacted SB 170, which phases in a two-step increase.

Specifically, workers who are “engaged in” or “in the production of goods for” interstate and foreign commerce. Minnesota’s minimum-wage rates will be adjusted for inflation Jan. 1, 2021, to $10.08 an hour for large employers and $8.21 an hour for other state minimum wages. On the other hand, all but one of the 21 states where the federal minimum wage applies also bar their cities and counties from adopting any higher local minimums . Prospects for raising the federal minimum wage, which has stood at $7.25 an hour since 2009, appear to have stalled out yet again, despite broad public support for the idea. In truth, though, for the past several years most of the real action on minimum wages has been in states, counties and cities, not on Capitol Hill. Just this past November, for example, Florida voters approved Amendment 2, which will gradually raise the state’s minimum until it reaches $15 in 2026.

Despite the existence of lower state-approved minimums, federal law dictates that the higher of either the state or federal minimum is legally applicable, which means that the enforceable minimum wage in Georgia and Wyoming is actually $7.25. Furthermore, this means that employers functionally cannot pay their non-exempt hourly workers a wage that is less than the federal mark.

Plus, increasing the minimum wage has the potential to mitigate existing pay inequality. A more recent report from the Economic Policy Institute found that keeping wages low hurts BIPOC workers the most, who already make up a disproportionate share of the severely underpaid. For instance, Florida ledger account residents voted in Nov. 2020 to increase the state’s minimum wage incrementally (beginning at $10 per hour on Sept. 30, 2021) until it reaches $15 per hour in Sept. 2026. Only two states have minimums lower than $7.25; in those states, however, the federal minimum wage nonetheless applies.

Conversely, at $5.15 per hour, Georgia and Wyoming are the only states to have a minimum wage below the federal mark of $7.25. The federal minimum wage has been stuck at $7.25 for more than a decade, but many states have their own, much higher, minimums.

Federal Material

Kansas’ minimum wage to change from $2.65 to $7.25 on Jan. 1, Lawrence Journal-World, Scott Rothschild, April 23, 2009. By 1968, the minimum wage had reached its peak purchasing power of $1.60 per hour ($11.08 in 2016 dollars). The minimum wage established by the federal government may be paid to newly hired individuals during their first 90 calendar days of employment, students employed by colleges and universities, and individuals under 18 years of age. The economic effects of raising the minimum wage are unclear. Adjusting the minimum wage may affect current and future levels of employment, prices of goods and services, economic growth, income inequality, and poverty. The interconnection of price levels, central bank policy, wage agreements, and total aggregate demand creates a situation in which conclusions drawn from macroeconomic analysis are highly influenced by the underlying assumptions of the interpreter.

Under Minnesota Statutes 177.28, the Department of Labor and Industry is authorized to issue a permit to a disabled worker (performance-limited employee) unable to earn the state minimum-wage, to work at a wage commensurate with his or her ability. Employees must be paid at least the current minimum-wage rate, no matter how they are paid. When the Order, Decision, or Award is in the employee’s favor and there is no appeal, and the employer does not pay the ODA, the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement will have the court enter the ODA as a judgment against the employer. This judgment has the same force and effect as any other money judgment entered by the court. Consequently, you may either try to collect the judgment yourself or you can assign it to DLSE.

minimum wages by state

Get answers to some of the most commonly asked questions about minimum wage laws and policies. Data on wage and salary employment in states came from the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics; county figures, when needed, came from the BLS’s Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages.

In the United States, the earliest minimum wage laws were state laws focused on women and children. These laws were struck down by the Supreme Court between 1923 and 1937. The first federal minimum wage law, which exempted large parts of the workforce, was enacted in 1938 and set rates that had become obsolete during World War II.

For many medium-to-small sized organizations, managing the myriad of federal compliance regulations is a top challenge. In fact, a recent Paycor survey found that 42% of organizations have negative feelings about their compliance management practices. In most instances, compliance management falls squarely on HR’s shoulders, and with limited resources and understaffed departments, keeping up with the many changes that continue to impact the current landscape is a tall task. That challenge is becoming even more daunting with the recent rise in local and state mandates for regulations like paid sick leave, state tax changes, pay equity laws and minimum wage increases. If you’re not subject to federal minimum wage law, this does not mean that you are also exempt from state minimum wage requirements.

In 2010, only three cities had minimum wages that exceeded state or federal minimum wages, but by 2020, there were 42. Minimum wage legislation emerged at the end of the nineteenth century from the desire to end sweated labor which had developed in the wake of industrialization. Sweatshops employed large numbers of women and young workers, paying them what were considered nonliving wages that did not allow workers to afford the necessaries of life. Besides substandard wages, sweating was also associated with long work hours and unsanitary and unsafe work conditions. Eighteen states began the new year with higher minimum wages.

The measure also adjusted the youth wage for workers under age 18 (it will gradually increase to $13 by 2025) and created a tax credit program to offset labor cost increases for smaller employers. Seven states automatically increased their rates based on the cost of living, while 14 states increased their rates due to previously approved legislation or ballot initiatives. The Connecticut minimum wage rate automatically increases to 0.5 percent above the rate set in the Fair Labor Standards Act if the federal minimum wage rate equals or becomes higher than the State minimum. This variable indicates minimum wage enforced on a state-by-state basis. If a state does not have a minimum wage, we use the federal minimum wage floor of $7.25 per hour. Individual states set minimum wages either above, below or the same as the federal minimum wage.