fob shipping point vs fob destination

An “FOB Dallas” shipment means the wholesaler will cover shipping costs and owns the goods until you receive them. FOB originally referred to overseas shipments by boat, but its use in the U.S. more generally applies to all forms of delivery transport, including truck, rail, and air. Free on board shipping clarifies predicaments like this by defining exactly when ownership of transported goods changes from one party to another.

How is FOB and CIF price calculated?

In order to find CIF value, the freight and insurance cost are to be added. 20% of FOB value is taken as freight. Means USD 200.00. Insurance is calculated as 1.125% – USD 13.00 (rounded off).

In addition to the cost of overseas shipping, you must also keep the transport costs in mind. In the case of FOB shipping point, the sale becomes complete when the shipment is sent off. As for FOB destination, the sale becomes complete when the goods are delivered and come into the buyer’s possession. If you are a seller using FOB destination and you are shipping using fob shipping point vs fob destination a third-party carrier such as US Postal Service or UPS, consider getting insurance on any expensive goods that you ship. The seller is responsible for all expenses until the goods are loaded onto the vessel at the port of shipment. The seller is responsible for all risk in case of damage or loss until loading of the goods onto the vessel at the port of shipment.


It also designates the party responsible for paying the freight costs and at what point the shipment transfers from the buyer to the seller. Furthermore, FOB shipping point indicates that the buyer bears responsibility for freight costs. Such factors may cause a drastic rise in transportation costs when shipping internationally. Note that the transport costs do not just cover the distance between the shipping point and a port in the country you are shipping them to . Therefore, if you are developing an international shipping plan for your business, keep these extra costs and risks in mind as necessary for your calculations.

fob shipping point vs fob destination

Buyers don’t have to pay a high fee to their sellers as they might with CIF. Buyers also have more control over the freight timing and cost, because they are able to choose their freight forwarder. If anything happens to the goods, they hold the title and responsibility, so they can better access information and solve concerns. • The buyer is then responsible for insurance costs and risks associated with freight transport for the duration of transit.

Fob Shipping Point Vs Fob Destination

FOB shipping point and FOB destination point reference the moment in the transaction where the title of the goods transfers from seller to buyer. This is a very necessary distinction in that it determines succinctly which party is responsible and liable for any lost or damaged goods during the What is bookkeeping shipping at any given time. The major difference between the two terms is the timing of the transfer. Furthermore, the buyer would then record the purchase of the equipment, the account payable and the increase in their inventory as of March 5, the date that the initial purchase took place.

fob shipping point vs fob destination

The seller might impose a FOB destination agreement stating that the sale price of the equipment, valued at $2,300, will be due upon the product’s arrival to the buyer’s destination. Additionally, we might assume that the products never arrived at their destination in Europe. Even though the buyer remains in contract with the seller, since a FOB destination contract was signed, the seller may take full responsibility for the lost goods. With FOB destination, the title of ownership may not be transferred to the buyer until the goods reach the buyer’s destination, either on a loading dock, post office box, home or office building. In this example, we will assume that the seller, True Fit Fitness, has quoted a price of $525.75 for the sale of exercise equipment, effective as the FOB shipping point. Additionally, we will assume that the product is marked for transport on a specific date, March 5. The equipment, or product, may be in transit until it arrives at the buyer’s location, which might be scheduled for March 10.

What Is The Difference Between Fob Shipping Point And Fob Destination?

FOB shipping point and FOB destination indicate the point at which the title of goods transfers from the seller to the buyer. The distinction is important in specifying who is liable for goods lost or damaged during shipping.

What is FOB shipping destination?

‘FOB (Freight On Board) Destination’ is a shipping term that means that the legal title to the goods remains with the seller until the goods reach the location of the buyer.

Once the shipment is loaded onto a ship at the port of Miami, the buyer becomes responsible for all costs and risks involved in transportation. Often, sellers will invoice buyers for their costs of shipping and insurance. In this way, buyers end up paying more for shipping than they would with an FOB agreement. If you are a buyer, you may choose to use CIF because of the convenience. You don’t have to handle any risks, claims, or freight concerns in transit.

In the article below, we’ll explore FOB terms in detail to provide you with all of the information you need when shipping and receiving freight. And for a shipment with FOB affixed with the point of origin, the buyer/consignee technically owns the shipment once it is on board the ship. If he refuses the delivery of the shipment, he has no legal reason to send it back to the seller/consignor and the return shipment could only incur more damage. In ecommerce, FOB shipping point enables the business to collect payment from the sale immediately after the assembly and loading of the item onto the transport.

What Is The Difference Between Cif & Fob?

In FOB Destination, the seller and buyer record the sale only after the shipment reaches the buyer’s dock. FOB destination – Means that transfer of ownership and responsibility occurs at the buyer’s loading dock, their post office or their physical location. fob shipping point vs fob destination Upon delivery to the buyer’s noted location, the title is transferred to the buyer, who then owns the goods and is legally responsible for them. True Fit Fitness, is located in the U.S. and sells bulk equipment to a gym equipment supplier in Europe.

Working with a 3rd party logistics provider who is an expert in all incoterms is a smart choice. Don’t take chances with your international deals that could end up costing you tremendously. Reach out to ShipCalm today to learn more about how we can be your partner and resource in international shipping – we take the uncertainty out of the complexities of incoterms. Buyers in particular need to understand the contract they are agreeing to so they clearly comprehend the costs and risk, as well as all tasks associated with international transportation and delivery. Incoterms all have their own nuances and intricacies that can be difficult to navigate on your own. Under delivered duty paid , the seller is responsible for the cost of transporting goods until customs clears them for import at the destination. Air cargo insurance protects a buyer or seller of goods being transported through the air from damage, loss, and, in some cases, even shipment delays.

The primary difference between the two contracts is in the timing of the transfer of the title for the goods. Free on board shipping point and free on board destination are two of several international commercial terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce.

  • FOB Origin is a much more common form of FOB, where buyers take all responsibility for the goods the moment they leave the seller’s hands.
  • Only once goods have arrived at the final shipping destination should they be reported as a purchase and as inventory by the buyer, and as a sale and an increase in accounts receivable by the seller.
  • FOB Destination means that the buyer assumes the title of goods at the point of destination, meaning the shipper owns the goods while in transit.
  • This means that the seller is the responsible party and must undertake the cost of any damages or extra fees during the delivery process.
  • The FOB Destination terms also apply to the cost of shipping and the responsibility for the goods.

On the other hand, in the case of FOB destination, it is the seller who will have the liability in case of damage or loss of goods before they reach the port of destination or buyer’s location. In such a case, the seller will have to provide the buyer with a new shipment. FOB destination, on the other what are retained earnings hand is exactly what a buyer would want. Instead of receiving ownership when the goods are loaded onto the ship at the shipping point, the buyer receives shop when the goods reach him. In other words, ownership does not transfer to the buyer until the shipment arrives at the buyer’s destination.

Accounting And Auditing

For instance, if goods are designated as “FOB Miami” it means the seller is responsible for the cost of transporting the goods to the port of Miami. Since the goods now legally belong to the buyer, he or she is responsible for their transportation – put simply, the buyer has to pay for the delivery charges, not the seller. When a shipment is designated FOB shipping point, it means that ownership of the goods transfers to the buyer immediately after the goods are loaded onto the vessel at the shipping point.

CFR includes neither insurance nor the costs associated with getting the delivery to your final destination. Upon delivery of the goods to the destination, the title for the goods transfers from the supplier to the buyer. With FOB shipping point, ownership of goods is transferred to the buyer once they leave the supplier’s shipping point. The qualifiers of FOB shipping point and destination are sometimes used to reduce or extend the responsibility of the supplier in an FOB shipping agreement. You purchase goods from a supplier in China and agree to FOB shipping terms.

Since the sale was made at the point of shipping, the goods belong to the buyer, and therefore, the buyer would be responsible for paying the shipping costs. Once the goods are on the ship, the buyer is financially responsible for all costs associated with transport as well as customs, taxes, and other fees.

In this way, sellers are responsible for everything involved with shipping. They must provide the necessary customs documents for both countries, pay for insurance cost, and are liable for the safe delivery of the goods.

DES. Delivered Ex Ship, which requires the seller to deliver products to a particular shipping port, where the buyer will take delivery on arrival. After reaching the destination, the buyer assumes ownership and adds the goods to its inventory. The process ensures the goods are accounted for while in transit; otherwise, they enter a gray area of ownership. It also serves the accounting department, which must record what are retained earnings the sale and transfer of inventory. Some sellers position shipping this way so that the cost of goods appears lower than the competitions’ prices. After you make a purchase, however, the shipping cost brings the total back in line with other quotes where the shipping is built into the price. Shipping is often factored into the cost by the seller, making the process of paying and booking freight simple for everyone.

The next three steps of the process are carried out at the supplier’s expense. Of the 11 different incoterms that are currently used in international freight, Free on Board is the one that you will encounter most frequently. Simply put, an incoterm is the standard contract used to define responsibility and liability for the shipment of goods. It plainly lays out how far along into the process the supplier will ensure that your goods are moved and at what point the buyer takes over the shipment process.

For FOB destination, the seller assumes all costs and fees until the goods reach their destination. Upon entry into the port, all fees—including customs, taxes, and other fees—are borne by the buyer. Shipping terms affect the buyer’s inventory cost because inventory costs include all costs to prepare the inventory for sale. This accounting treatment is important because adding costs to inventory means the buyer does not immediately expense the costs and this delay in recognizing the cost as an expense affects net income. An advantage for the buyer of FOB would be that they can organize the best way to deliver the shipment. This means that they can get a good deal on freight services and not have to rely on the seller’s chosen delivery method.